Josiah wanted Ben to attend school with the clergy, but only had enough money to send him to school for two years. He attended Boston Latin School but did not graduate; he continued his education through voracious reading. Although "his parents talked of the church as a career"  for Franklin, his schooling ended when he was ten.
Construction and commissioning[ edit ] The newly commissioned Franklin departing Norfolk in February The keel of Franklin was laid down on 7 Decemberthe first anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harborand she was launched by the Newport News Shipbuilding Companyin Virginiaon 14 Octobersponsored by Lieutenant Commander Mildred H.
The warship was named in honor of the founding father Benjamin Franklin and for the previous warships that had been named for him; it was not named for the Battle of Franklin, Tennesseethat was fought during the American Civil Waras is sometimes erroneously reported,  although a footnote in The Franklin Comes Home  does attribute the naming to the Battle of Franklin.
Franklin, Tennessee was also named after Benjamin Franklin. Franklin was commissioned on 31 Januarywith Captain James M. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message World War II[ edit ] Franklin steamed south to Trinidad for a shakedown and soon thereafter, she departed in Task Group The Bonin and Mariana Islands[ edit ] On the last day of Juneshe sortied for carrier strikes on the Bonin Islands in support of the subsequent Mariana Islands assault.
Her planes destroyed aircraft on the ground and in the air, gun installations, airfield and enemy shipping. On 4 July, strikes were launched against Iwo JimaChichi Jimaand Haha Jimahitting ground targets, sinking a large cargo vessel in the harbor and setting three smaller ships on fire.
On 6 July, Franklin began strikes on Guam and Rota Island to soften them up for the invasion forces that were going to land on Guam, and those strikes continued until 21 July, when she lent direct support to enable safe landing of the first assault waves.
Two days of replenishment at Saipan permitted her to steam in Task Force 58 TF 58 for photographic reconnaissance and air strikes against the islands of the Palau Islands group.
On 25 and 26 July, her planes struck enemy planes, ships, and ground installations.
Franklin departed on 28 July and headed for Saipan, and the following day she was shifted to TG Although high seas prevented taking on a needed load of bombs and rocketsFranklin steamed for another raid against the Bonins. On 4 August, her fighters attacked Chichi Jima and her dive bombers and torpedo planes attacked a ship convoy north of Ototo Jima.
Targets included radio stations, a seaplane base, airstripsand ships. A period of upkeep and recreation from 9—28 August ensued at Eniwetok before she departed with EnterpriseBelleau Wood and San Jacinto for neutralization and diversionary attacks against the Bonins.
From 31 August to 2 September, strikes from Franklin inflicted ground damage, sank two cargo ships, destroyed enemy planes in flight, and undertook photographic surveys.
Franklin, now the flagship of TG On 9 October, she rendezvoused with carrier groups cooperating in air strikes in support of the coming occupation of Leyte Island. At twilight on the 13th, the task group came under attack by four bombersand Franklin twice was narrowly missed by torpedoes.
An enemy plane, a harbinger of the coming kamikaze campaign, crashed on Franklin's deck abaft the aircraft carrier's island, sliding across the deck and into the water on her starboard beam. Leyte[ edit ] Early on 14 September, a fighter sweep was made against AparriLuzonfollowing which she steamed to the east of Luzon to neutralize installations to the east prior to invasion landings on Leyte.
On 15 September, Franklin was attacked by three enemy planes, one of which scored with a bomb that hit the after outboard corner of the deck edge elevatorkilling three men and wounding The carrier's aircraft hit Manila Bay on 19 October when her planes sank and damaged ships and boats, destroyed a floating drydockand claimed 11 Japanese aircraft.
Belleau Wood left and Franklin hit by kamikazes30 October During the initial landings on Leyte 20 October Franklin's aircraft attacked surrounding airstrips and launched search patrols in anticipation of the approach of a reported enemy attack force.
As further enemy threats seemed to materialize in another quarter, Franklin — with TGs The distant carrier force was actually a sacrificial feint, as by that time the Japanese were almost out of serviceable airplanes and, even more importantly, very short on trained pilots, but the admiral in charge, William Halseytook the bait and steamed after them without effectively communicating his intentions, leading to the infamous " the world wonders " communications debacle.
Retiring in her task group to refuel, she returned to the Leyte action on 27 October, her planes concentrating on a heavy cruiser and two destroyers south of Mindoro.
Three doggedly pursued Franklin, the first plummeting off her starboard side, the second hitting the flight deck and crashing through to the gallery deck, killing 56 men and wounding 60; the third discharging another near miss by Franklin, before diving into the flight deck of Belleau Wood.
Gehres as the carrier's commanding officer. Captain Gehres was a strict disciplinarian whose autocracy was disliked by many of Franklin's crew.
Franklin listing, with crew on deck, 19 March Aft 5-inch gun turret on fire, 19 March The Franklin crew had been called to battle stations twelve times within six hours that night and Gehres downgraded the alert status to Condition III, allowing his men freedom to eat or sleep, although gunnery crews remained at their stations.
Accounts differ as to whether the attacking aircraft escaped or was shot down. One bomb struck the flight deck centerline, penetrating to the hangar deckcausing destruction and igniting fires through the second and third decks, and knocking out the Combat Information Center and air plot. The second hit aft, tearing through two decks.
At the time she was struck, Franklin had 31 armed and fueled aircraft warming up on her flight deck.
The hangar deck contained planes, of which 16 were fueled and five were armed. The forward gasoline system had been secured, but the aft system was operating.The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin is the traditional name for the unfinished record of his own life written by Benjamin Franklin from to The second part begins with two letters Franklin received in the early s while in Paris, "Short sketch of the life of Dr.
Franklin." American Museum. 8 (July, November ), 12– “The Whistle” by Benjamin Franklin is one such short story dealing with the introspection and perception of the outer world by a small child. It establishes the distinction drawn between a necessary and unnecessary thing in the life of a man of mediocre stature.
Kids learn about Benjamin Franklin's biography. Inventor, scientist, statesman, and Founding Father of the United States. Benjamin Franklin was a writer and diplomat. He was also an inventor. Franklin was born in Boston, Massachusetts on 17 January His father Josiah Franklin was a soap maker.
Benjamin went to school for only a very short time. When he was 10 when he started work in his father's shop.
Later. Benjamin Franklin's father, Josiah Franklin, was a tallow chandler, a soap-maker and a candle-maker. Josiah was born at Ecton, Northamptonshire, England on December 23, , the son of Thomas Franklin, a blacksmith-farmer, and Jane White.
Benjamin Franklin: A Brief Biography - Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, was born January 17, in Boston, Massachusetts. He held numerous jobs throughout his lifetime including author, printer, inventor, scientist, postmaster, political theorist, statesman, diplomat, and civic activist.