By Mary Odumoriginally published by A Prosperous Way Down May 22, I recently decided to take an epidemiology course to fill in gaps in my knowledge base. The entire online graduate certificate in Environmental Health looked interesting, so I applied for the entire certificate. Environmental Health was the first course that I took online at this flagship Florida university.
Transgenesis, or the method used to make most GMOs, is a tool and it makes no sense to oppose a method with broad applications. Yes, many of them are patented, but so are many non-GMO crops. Not all GMOs are patented: Superweeds are far from being an issue unique to GMOs, and even pulling weeds by hand can lead to weeds that look like the crop itself known as mimicry.
The issue of superweeds is a serious one, and this database tracks herbicide resistant weeds as they develop across different nations. That includes the fields of corn that we drove by to get there. It took me a while to come to the realization that no form of agriculture is perfect.
If we insist on going pesticide-free, crops will be lost which will increase costs to consumers and we will have to dedicate more land to get the same output. There are laws and regulations on how much can be applied, and why on earth would anyone use any more than necessary when its use can cut from your profits?
When I lived in Venezuela, we lived across from a valley that was a giant sugarcane farm. It was enormous and it belonged to the local sugar refinery. It never changed, there was no crop rotation, and it just went on for miles. Monocultures An argument against genetically modified organism gmos lead to crop resistant pests, and farmers are encouraged to rotate their crops from one year to the next so that this risk can be minimized.
So, again, reducing the issue of monocultures to a GMO-specific one is highly disingenuous. Of course agribusinesses want to make money. AquaBounty, which developed the transgenic salmon only had 12 employees on staff in And of course, many transgenic crops are being developed by public sector scientists, some of which address undernourishment such as biofortified bananas to address vitamin A deficiency.
This reason for opposing GMOs is like saying that you oppose electronics because Apple makes too much money from the iPhone. This is tied to 9 on this list. Farmers who plant GMOs sign a contract where they state that they will not reuse seeds.
There are non-GE crops where farmers have to sign agreements as well this includes non-GE sunflowerswhich Chipotle switched to when they decided to go non-GMO.
So this has little to do with GMOs: If you can think of a better way that companies can recover the dollars they spend on making a product after the first year, by all means, make the suggestion.
Farmers who do not use GMOs generally buy their seeds from one year to the next, too, because the seeds they plant are often hybrids. This video does a great job of explaining why farmers buy new seeds each year, even if the seeds are non-GMO.
Glyphosate use is not restricted to GMOs. That by itself is enough to earn it a place on my list. The recent categorization of glyphosate by the IARC is very specific: All those important details get lost when we simply state that glyphosate is a carcinogen.
An important point to keep in mind is the time at which herbicides such as glyphosate are applied.
Between that time and harvest, it might rain, the sun will have beaten down on the crops, and the crops will have been watered. Regarding the amount of glyphosate used, I love this graphic by Sarah Schultz where she explains that approximately one soda can-sized amount of glyphosate is applied across an entire acre of crop in one season.
More importantly, there are many GMOs that are not glyphosate resistant: Every time I see this, I think that someone over at Dow Agro is cackling. GM market on corn. During that time employees need to be paid, logistics need to be taken care of, and the product pipeline needs to continue its development while no revenue is being generated.
By no means is this a problem unique to the agricultural biotech sector. Small tech companies are gobbled up by larger behemoths every day. So the issue of monopolies is far from being a problem about GMOs.
I know that Monsanto has a checkered past, particularly when it comes to Agent Orange. Very briefly, Agent Orange is an herbicide that was used by the U. Agent Orange production during the Vietnam War contained a contaminant which caused severe health problems in the local inhabitants.
As I see it, there are multiple people to blame, primarily the U. I believe that these companies should acknowledge their past and make amends.Weighing the GMO arguments: against Where to go for further information Potato varieties like these, at a research centre in Peru, helped Ireland recover from the 19th-century potato blight.
GMOs increase resistance to antibiotics, making medicines less effective. Fears have been raised over possible links to cancer, reproductive malfunction, digestive disorders.
Nobody knows the long-term effects. 3. TAMPERING FOR TASTE.
Foods can be genetically modified to improve flavour and texture – peppers made spicier, corn given enhanced sweetness. The main arguments that have been put forward against the use of GMOs in agriculture include: Potential negative effects on the environment Genes can end up in unexpected places: Through "gene escape" they can pass on to other members of the same species and perhaps other species.
GMO on Warning Road Sign on Sunset Sky Background. When discussing and writing about GMOs, many arguments are put forth on why they are “bad” and . Bacillus thuringiensis says a GMO is “when a gene from one organism is purposely moved to improve or change another organism in a laboratory, the result is a genetically modified organism (GMO)” (University of California San Diego, 1).
The legal definition of a genetically modified organism in the European Union is "an organism, with the exception of human beings, in which the genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination.".