According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDCtype 2 diabetes accounts for about 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes in adults. The CDC also gives us the following information:
In the USA the burden is borne disproportionately by ethnic minorities such as Hispanics. Therefore health education for Hispanics is important and it can help reduce the incidence of diabetes among Hispanics in the USA. As ofit was estimated that approximately million people worldwide had DM [ 1 ].
However, this figure is disproportionately distributed among different ethnic groups within the United States. As ofit was estimated that there were Between todata from different ethnic populations within the USA from ages 20 years and older indicate that 6.
Inan estimated 1. Type 2 Diabetes non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM is highly prevalent among Hispanics [ 7 ] and it is the fifth cause of death among Hispanics [ 8 ].
Several risk factors have been implicated in type 2 DM including: In the state of California, there are approximately 2 million diabetics and this is expected to increase to 4 million by Financial burden Because DM is a serious medical condition, it poses serious health concerns for individuals, families, health professionals and the government.
Inan estimated DM is the seventh leading cause of death in the USA [ 7 ], the leading cause of blindness between the ages 20 and 74 and of end-stage renal disease ESRD [ 3 ].
The financial burden of DM is alarming and increasing. Most of the reasons for this high burden have been attributed to the fact that diabetics are at a higher risk for health complications including cardiovascular disease [ 3 ] than their non-diabetic counterpart.
While a non-diabetic patient may never visit the hospital in a given year, diabetics must visit the hospital for regular check-ups [ 12 ]. The cost of health care for diabetics has been categorized into: In addition, medical expenses for people with diabetes are approximately 2.
Furthermore, absenteeism from work is higher among diabetics than non diabetics [ 1314 ]. Diabetes Mellitus counted for over deaths in According to American Diabetes Association [ 11 ], factors responsible for the increasing financial burden of diabetes as reflected in include: Complications Diabetic retinopathy This is one of the leading causes of blindness between ages 20 and 74 and it correlates with duration of illness.
Usually a progressive process, it begins from a simple non-proliferative disorder due to increased vascular permeability to a more complicated proliferative disorder characterized by presence of new vessels in the retina [ 15 ].
In a study conducted by Lee et al. Similarly, a multi-cohort study on diabetic retinopathy reported that the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and macular edema were significantly higher in blacks Furthermore, a study conducted on Hispanics with DM concluded that diabetic retinopathy is higher among Latinos of primarily Mexican ancestry [ 14 ].
Mexican-Americans and African-Americans, respectively, have 6. Similarly, Peralta et al. Ironically, they also reported that Hispanics with CKD are associated with lower rates of death and cardiovascular events but a higher rate of progression to ESRD.Diabetes mellitus is the fifth leading cause of death among the Hispanic population residing in the United States, as well as a leading factor in many of the ensuing complications.
3. Diabetes in the Hispanic Elderly Population Essay Sample.
Diabetes is prevalent among the elderly Latino community. The process of accepting and acknowledging the seriousness of having this condition can have a mental effect on the elder.
Diabetes is a devastating disease that is affected by interdependent genetic, social, economic, cultural, and historic ashio-midori.com the United States, nearly 26 million Americans are living with diabetes, and another 79 million Americans have prediabetes.
1 This means almost one-third of the total U.S. population is affected by diabetes. 2 Diabetes not only affects the quality of life of people. African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for the development of type 2 diabetes.
African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for the development of type 2 diabetes. More than 25% of the U.S.
population aged ≥65 years has diabetes (1), and the aging of the overall population is a significant driver of the diabetes epidemic. Among older adults, African Americans and Hispanics have higher incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes than non-Hispanic whites, Japanese Elderly Diabetes Intervention.