Why Do They Happen? Articles Why do young adults develop eating disorders? Eating disorders, including anorexia and bulimia, are complicated, serious and potentially devastating.
Comorbidities Many people with eating disorders also present with at least one other lifetime psychiatric disorder. The most common and significant psychiatric comorbidities for adolescents and adults with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder, as well as adults with anorexia nervosa, are mood, anxiety and substance use disorders.
In contrast, the only psychiatric disorder that commonly co-occurs with anorexia nervosa is oppositional defiant disorder. Obesity The World Health Organisation defines obesity as a condition of abnormal or excessive body fat that impairs health.
Like eating disorders, obesity is a complex, chronic condition that is accompanied by substantial physical and mental health consequences. Obesity is associated with a lower quality of life, including increased psychological distress, mood and anxiety disorders, suicidal ideation and attempts and binge eating disorder.
Further, while the rate of both disorders is increasing in the Australian population, recent studies indicate that the rate of comorbid obesity and eating disorder behaviours has increased more rapidly than either disorder alone. Overweight and obese individuals are at increased risk of disordered eating and eating disorders particularly binge eating disorderwhile individuals who use unhealthy weight-control practices e.
Obesity and eating disorders may be viewed as occurring at the same end of a spectrum with healthy beliefs, attitudes, and behaviours at one end, and problematic beliefs, attitudes, and behaviours and ultimately syndromes at the other end. Obesity and eating disorders share a number of risk factors, including: Risk factors Individual factors such as dieting, unhealthy weight-control behaviours, weight and shape concerns, and self-esteem issues Social factors, such as parental and peer weight and shape related behaviours Societal factors, such as sociocultural norms, media exposure and weight discrimination Mortality The mortality rate for people with eating disorders is significantly higher than that of the average population and among the highest for a psychiatric illness.
According to recent estimates, mortality is 5 times higher in individuals with anorexia nervosa than the general population, when matched for age and sex. The rate of mortality in individuals with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder is considerably lower than those with anorexia nervosa, but still significantly higher than the general population.I think the issue of using the word “disordered eating” applies to most psychological disorders.
When dealing with these things, that are not always visible and tangible and don’t always have specific biological markers or cures, it can be hard to define what is and isn’t a disorder.
There’s much “physical” in psychological disorders while at the same time, there is much psychological in “physical” disorders. The issues brought up by psychological disorders continue to be much clearer than their solutions and no meaning or description completely identifies precise limitations for the term “psychological disorder”.
Most eating disorders involve focusing too much on your weight, body shape and food, leading to dangerous eating behaviors. These behaviors can significantly impact your body's ability to get appropriate nutrition. Eating disorders are complex and affect all kinds of people.
Risk factors for all eating disorders involve a range of biological, psychological, and sociocultural issues. These factors may interact differently in different people, so two people with the same eating disorder can have very diverse perspectives, experiences, and symptoms.
Binge eating disorder (BED) is an eating disorder characterized by frequent and recurrent binge eating episodes with associated negative psychological and social problems, but without subsequent purging episodes (e.g.
vomiting).. BED is a recently described condition, which was required to distinguish binge eating similar to that .
Eating disorders are serious but treatable mental and physical illnesses that can affect people of every age, sex, gender, race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic group.