The subsequent demise in the s of the Federalist Partywhich failed even to nominate a presidential candidate inmade nomination by the Democratic-Republican caucus tantamount to election as president. By the King Caucus system had fallen into such disrepute that only one-fourth of the Democratic-Republican congressional delegation took part in the caucus, which nominated Secretary of the Treasury William Crawford of Georgia. Crawford had only narrowly been defeated in the caucus by Monroe in
The Election and the "Corrupt Bargain" Henry Clay was thrice a candidate for the Presidency and the chief architect of the Compromise of which moved slavery to the forefront of Congressional debates. The presidential election marked the final collapse of the Republican-Federalist political framework.
For the first time no candidate ran as a Federalist, while five significant candidates competed as Democratic-Republicans. Clearly, no party system functioned in Crawford, the secretary of the treasury.
A caucus of Republicans in Congress had selected him, but this backing by party insiders turned out to be a liability as other candidates called for a more open process for selecting candidates. The outcome of the very close election surprised political leaders.
The winner in the all-important Electoral College was Andrew Jackson, the hero of the War ofwith ninety-nine votes. He was followed by John Quincy Adamsthe son of the second president and Monroe' secretary of state, who secured eighty-four votes.
Meanwhile Crawford trailed well behind with just forty-one votes. Although Jackson seemed to have won a narrow victory, receiving 43 percent of the popular vote versus just 30 percent for Adams, he would not be seated as the country's sixth president.
Because nobody had received a majority of votes in the electoral college, the House of Representatives had to choose between the top two candidates. After losing the Presidency to Andrew Jackson inJohn Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives where he served until his death in Henry Clay, the speaker of the House of Representatives, now held a decisive position.
As a presidential candidate himself in he finished fourth in the electoral collegeClay had led some of the strongest attacks against Jackson. In return Adams named Clay as his secretary of state, a position that had been the stepping-stone to the presidency for the previous four executives.
This arrangement, however, hardly proved beneficial for either Adams or Clay. Denounced immediately as a "corrupt bargain" by supporters of Jackson, the antagonistic presidential race of began practically before Adams even took office. To Jacksonians the Adams-Clay alliance symbolized a corrupt system where elite insiders pursued their own interests without heeding the will of the people.
The Jacksonians, of course, overstated their case; after all, Jackson fell far short of a majority in the general vote in Nevertheless, when the Adams administration continued to favor a strong federal role in economic development, Jacksonians denounced their political enemies as using government favors to reward their friends and economic elites.
By contrast, Jackson presented himself as a champion of the common man and by doing so furthered the democratization of American politics.
John Quincy Adams John Quincy Adams was the last President to serve before Andrew Jackson turned the American political process upside-down with his popular sovereignty.
It even took a "corrupt bargain" to get Adams in office. Read about the son of John Adams on this well-written and in-depth site presented by americanpresidents. Electoral College The people of the United States do not directly elect the president.
How does the system actually work?In the United States presidential election of , John Quincy Adams was elected President on February 9, , after the election was decided by the House of Representatives.
The previous few years had seen a one-party government in the United States, as the Federalist Party had dissolved, leaving. The presidential election of represents a watershed in American politics, and the election was decided in the House of Representatives.
After this election, official political parties were created. The United States presidential election of was the 11th quadrennial presidential election, held from Friday, October 31, to Tuesday, December 2, It featured a re-match of the election, as President John Quincy Adams of the National Republican Party faced Andrew Jackson of the nascent Democratic Party.
President John Adams resources including biographies, election results, family information, speeches, and more. The election was the first in which a large majority of electors were chosen by voters rather than by appointment by state legislatures. Calling what ensued a “campaign” might be an overstatement, however, because the candidates did not actively campaign on their own behalf.
President John Adams resources including biographies, election results, family information, speeches, and more. In the United States presidential election of , John Quincy Adams was elected President on February 9, , after the election was decided by the House of Representatives. The Election of clearly showed that the "era of good feelings" had come to an end. All the candidates were Democratic-Republicans, but personal and .
Presidential Election Process. Learn about the Presidential election process, including the Electoral College, caucuses and primaries, and the national conventions.