Marxist view on the family

This is reflected in the thirst for Marxist theory at the present time. It is years since the death of Karl Marx. But why should we commemorate a man who died in ? In the early s the then Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson declared that we must not look for solutions in Highgate cemetery.

Marxist view on the family

The theory and method of study developed by Marxtermed historical materialismrecognizes the ways in which economic systems structure society as a whole and influence everyday life and experience.

Marxism: Marxism, a body of doctrine developed by Karl Marx in the midth century that underpinned almost every socialist movement of the 20th century. Engels' representation and interpretation of history has been contested, yet it is of worth to note that the analysis that the Marxists have made of the family is one that is closely linked to the impact of industrialisation and capitalism. Eli Zaretsky () had also adopted a Marxist approach to family life. Marxism is a challenging theory to understand therefore before you read anymore content on the Marxist view of the family it’s best if you get a broader understanding of Marxism. complete with a powerpoint explaining Marxism at an accessible level.

The base structure prescribes a range of systems and institutions aimed to advance the interests of those in power, often facilitated through the exploitation of the working class. Marx argues that these systems are set by the ruling class in accordance with their need to maintain or increase class conflict in order to remain in power.

However, Marx also acknowledges the potential for organization and collective action by the lower classes with the goal of empowering a new ruling class. As Vladimir Lenin argues in support of this possibility, the organization of socialist consciousness by a vanguard party is vital to the working class revolutionary process.

Leninism | Lenin saw the Communist Party as a highly committed intellectual elite who 1 had a scientific understanding of history and society in the light of Marxist principles, 2 were committed to ending capitalism and instituting socialism in its place, 3 were bent on forcing through this transition after having achieved political power, and 4 were committed to attaining this power by any means possible, including violence and revolution if necessary. At the root of Leninist authoritarianism was a distrust of spontaneity, a conviction that historical events, if left to themselves, would not bring the desired outcome—i.

In a private ownership system, individuals who do not own land or other means of production are in a situation that Engels compares to enslavement - they must work for the owners of the land in order to be able to live within the system of private ownership.

Engels explains that the transition to this type of system resulted in the creation of separate public and private spheres and assigned access to waged labor disproportionately to men.

Through a Marxist historical perspective, Engels analyzes the widespread social phenomena associated with female sexual morality, such as fixation on virginity and sexual purity, incrimination and violent punishment of women who commit adulteryand demands that women be submissive to their husbands.

Ultimately, Engels traces these phenomena to the recent development of exclusive control of private property by the patriarchs of the rising slaveowner class in the ancient mode of production, and the attendant desire to ensure that their inheritance is passed only to their own offspring: As such, gender oppression is closely related to class oppression and the relationship between men and women in society is similar to the relations between proletariat and bourgeoisie.

Productive and reproductive labour[ edit ] In the capitalist system, two types of labor exista division stressed by Marxist feminists like Margaret Benston and Peggy Morton.

Marxist view on the family

The second form of labor is reproductive, which is associated with the private sphere and involves anything that people have to do for themselves that is not for the purposes of receiving a wage i.

Both forms of labor are necessary, but people have different access to these forms of labor based on certain aspects of their identity. Women are assigned to the domestic sphere where the labor is reproductive and thus uncompensated and unrecognized in a capitalist system.

It is in the best interest of both public and private institutions to exploit the labor of women as an inexpensive method of supporting a work force. For the producers, this means higher profits. For the nuclear family, the power dynamic dictates that domestic work is exclusively to be completed by the woman of the household thus liberating the rest of the members from their own necessary reproductive labor.

Marxist feminists argue that the exclusion of women from productive labor leads to male control in both private and public domains.

Though their controversial advocacy often receives criticism, Marxist feminists challenge capitalism in ways that facilitate new discourse and shed light on the status of women.

Marxist feminism - Wikipedia

Many of these women, including Selma James[10] Mariarosa Dalla Costa, [11] Brigitte Galtier, and Silvia Federici [12] published a range of sources to promote their message in academic and public domains.

Despite the efforts beginning with a relatively small group of women in Italy, The Wages for Housework Campaign was successful in mobilizing on an international level.

In her critique of traditional Marxist feminist movements such as the Wages for Housework Campaign, Heidi Hartmann argues that these efforts "take as their question the relationship of women to the economic system, rather than that of women to men, apparently assuming the latter will be explained in their discussion of the former.

Similarly, Gayle Rubinwho has written on a range of subjects including sadomasochism, prostitution, pornography, and lesbian literature as well as anthropological studies and histories of sexual subcultures, first rose to prominence through her essay The Traffic in Women: More recently, many Marxist feminists have shifted their focus to the ways in which women are now potentially in worse conditions after gaining access to productive labour.

They contend that elimination of the capitalist profit-driven economy will remove the motivation for sexism, racism, homophobia, and other forms of oppression. They do not see a true possibility to unite across economic inequality because they argue that it would be extremely difficult for an upper class woman to truly understand the struggles of the working class.

Marxist views of the family |

Who, in actual fact, would stand to gain in the event of such an alliance? Certainly not the woman worker. Marxists supported the more radical political program of liberating women through socialist revolution, with a special emphasis on work among women and in materially changing their conditions after the revolution.

Additional liberation methods supported by Marxist feminists include radical demands coined as "Utopian Demands" by Maria Mies.

Notable Marxist feminists[ edit ].However, with the emergence of Capitalism in the 18th Century, society and the family changed. Capitalism is based on a system of private ownership – The bourgeois use their own personal wealth to personally invest in businesses in order to make a profit, they don’t invest for the benefit of everyone else.

Chapter 6. Critical Theories: Marxist, Conflict, and Feminist. Another concept that is central to critical criminology is alienation (Smith & Bohm, ). Marxists would challenge this view arguing that society is made up of two opposing groups, with a conflict of interests, therefore they would not interpret the family as having a positive role, or society’s agreeing on a set of shared norms and values.

Leacock Introduction INTRODUCTION to Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, by Frederick Engels by Eleanor Burke Leacock IN THE Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, Engels outlines the. Family supports capitalism because it's the one place working men feel they have power which helps them accept their lack of control in a wider society Strengths of Marxist views of the family Explains ideological role of the family in society.

Engels' representation and interpretation of history has been contested, yet it is of worth to note that the analysis that the Marxists have made of the family is one that is closely linked to the impact of industrialisation and capitalism. Eli Zaretsky () had also adopted a Marxist approach to family life.

Marxist Literary Criticism, Then and Now : Mediations : Journal of the Marxist Literary Group