Modern Chinese character ri meaning "day" or "Sun" A logogram is a single written character which represents a complete grammatical word. Most traditional Chinese characters are classified as logograms. As each character represents a single word or, more precisely, a morphememany logograms are required to write all the words of language. The vast array of logograms and the memorization of what they mean are major disadvantages of logographic systems over alphabetic systems.
Lately, these two laws have taken on new importance to parents of students with disabilities. NCLB provisions apply to all students, including those whose disabilities require special education.
IDEA, in its latest update by Congress, has been more closely aligned with NCLB, making it equally important that parents become familiar with the ways the two laws have been positioned to work together to improve academic achievement of students with disabilities.
When NCLB was signed into law init ushered in some of the most sweeping changes the American educational system has seen in decades. NCLB is built on four basic principles: Accountability for results An emphasis on doing what works based on scientific research Expanded parental involvement and options Expanded local control and flexibility Building on the standards-based reform efforts put into place under the previous version of ESEA, NCLB seeks to: Raise the academic achievement of all students Close the achievement gap between groups of students that historically perform poorly and their higher performing peers Title I programs serve Currently all states accept Title I funds.
Almost all school districts and 55 percent of all public schools accept funds through a Title I grant. To achieve that goal, every state is required to: Develop challenging academic standards that are the same for every student Develop annual academic assessments for all students Ensure that there is a highly qualified teacher in every classroom Define the amount of academic progress that school districts and schools must achieve each year in order to reach the proficiency goal by Ensure that schools and school districts test at least 95 percent of all students Determine a minimum size for required subgroups of students to be included in yearly progress calculations, based on technical considerations Ensure the availability of reasonable adaptations and accommodations for students with disabilities Produce an annual statewide Report Card of performance and make the report available to the public Annual statewide assessments or tests of student progress are the centerpiece of the accountability principle of NCLB.
Data from these assessments, combined with other important indicators, are used to determine if schools and school districts achieve adequate yearly progress AYP. The bottom line All provisions contained in NCLB are designed to hold schools, school districts, and states accountable for student achievement.
This approach holds schools accountable for the learning of all students. These funds are distributed to all states to assist with the cost of providing special education services. Congress first passed IDEA inrecognizing the need to provide a federal law to help ensure that local schools would serve the educational needs of students with disabilities.
That first special education law has undergone several updates over the past 30 years. The bottom line Requirements of IDEA are designed to ensure that all schools, school districts, and states provide a free appropriate public education to children with disabilities.
However, nothing in IDEA holds schools accountable for the progress and performance of children with disabilities. Better together Together, NCLB and IDEA provisions and requirements combine to provide both individualized instruction and school accountability for students with disabilities.
The progress and performance of students with disabilities is now a shared responsibility of general and special education teachers. Enhanced accountability for students with disabilities has elevated them in the consciousness of school, school district, and state level administrators.
More importantly, NCLB requires that these content and achievement standards are the same for all students, including students with disabilities.
It is this requirement that establishes high expectations for all students regardless of the history of their performance. View larger IDEA requires all states to establish performance goals and indicators to promote the progress of students with disabilities.
This alignment ensures that students with disabilities have the extra support they need to achieve the same high standards as other students.Does mirror writing in a four-year-old indicate dyslexia or another type of learning/language disability?
Q My right-handed four-year-old daughter can correctly write her name in uppercase letters from left to right. Mirror Writing is a completely innate ability-- at least in my experience as a mirror writer it is--I was able to mirror write fluently and naturally the very first time I attempted the artform.
Over the years I have developed my mirror writing in . Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence.
Different people are affected to varying degrees. Problems may include difficulties in spelling words, reading quickly, writing words, "sounding out" words in the head, pronouncing words when reading aloud and understanding what one reads.
When dyslexic children try to write their letters or numbers, they often struggle with what ashio-midori.com calls “mirror image.” This concept refers to writing letters and numbers and that mirror each other like q and the number 9.
Sep 26, · Time doesn’t just exist “out there” ticking away from past to future, but rather is an emergent property that depends on the observer. Ben Goldacre Saturday November 4, The Guardian. Wouldn’t it be great if there really was an expensive proprietary cure for dyslexia?
Oh hang on, there is: paint tycoon Wynford Dore has developed one, with NASA space technology.