Currently, the American Nurses Association has approved thirteen standardized languages that support nursing practice, only ten of which are considered languages specific to nursing care.
The Language of Nursing: At first glance, it seems a simple task. However, over many years, the profession has struggled with it.
Nanda noc nic nursing language reminds us that classification system development parallels knowledge development in a discipline. As theory development and research have begun to define nursing, it has become necessary for nursing to find a common language to describe what nursing is, what nursing does, and how to codify it.
Changes in the healthcare system occur at an ever-increasing rate. One of these changes is the movement toward a paperless computerized or electronic client record.
The use of electronic healthcare information systems is rapidly expanding, and the focus has shifted from its original uses—financial and personnel management functions—to the efficient documentation of the client encounter, whether that is a single office visit or a lengthy hospitalization.
The move to electronic documentation is being fueled by changes in healthcare delivery and reimbursement as well as the advent of alternative healthcare settings outpatient surgeries, home health, rehabilitation or subacute units, extended or long-term care facilities, etc.
These changes in the business and documentation of healthcare require the industry to generate data about its operations and outcomes. Evaluation and improvement of provided services are important to the delivery of cost-effective client care.
With the use of language or terminology that can be coded, healthcare information can be recorded in terms that are universal and easily entered into an electronic database and that can generate meaningful reporting data about its operation and outcomes.
In short, standardized language is required. A standardized language contains formalized terms that have definitions and guidelines for use. For example, if the impact of nursing care on financial and clinical outcomes is to be analyzed, coding of this information is essential.
While it has been relatively easy to code medical procedures, nursing is more of an enigma, because its work has not been so clearly defined.
Therefore, the focus of the profession has been on the effort to classify tasks and to develop standardized nursing languages SNLs to better demonstrate what nursing is and what nursing does. This wider application for a standardized language has spurred its development.
Nursing diagnoses provide the basis for selecting nursing interventions to achieve outcomes for which the nurse is accountable. NANDA-I nursing diagnoses currently include labels with definitions, defining characteristics, and related or risk factors used to define a client need or problem.
Whereas some of these languages e. NIC is a comprehensive standardized language providing direct and indirect intervention labels with definitions. A list of activities a nurse might choose to carry out each intervention is also provided and can be modified as necessary to meet the specific needs of the client.
These research-based interventions address general practice and specialty areas. NOC is also a comprehensive standardized language providing outcome labels with definitions; a set of indicators describing specific client, caregiver, family, or community states related to the outcome; and a 5-point Likert-type measurement scale that facilitates tracking clients across care settings and that can demonstrate client progress even when outcomes are not fully met.
The outcomes are research-based and are applicable in all care settings and clinical specialties. Having an SNL entered into international coded terminology allows nursing to describe the care received by the client and to document the effects of that care on client outcomes, and it facilitates the comparison of nursing care across worldwide settings and diverse databases.
The Metathesaurus provides a uniform, integrated distribution format from over biomedical vocabularies and classifications the majority in English and some in multiple languagesand it links many different names for the same concepts, establishing new relationships between terms from different source vocabularies.
Indexing of the entire medical record supports disease management activities including decision support systemsresearch, and analysis of outcomes for quality improvement for all healthcare disciplines. Coding also supports telehealth the use of telecommunications technology to provide medical information and healthcare services over distance and facilitates access to healthcare data across care settings and different computer systems.Interventions matched appropriate Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) activities in 61%.
NANDA, NIC, and NOC (NNN) language was used inconsistently by students in this sample. If NNN language is to advance nursing knowledge, its promotion, representation in curriculum development, and active use is necessary. Nursing outcomes classification (NOC) / Published: () Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) / Published: () NANDA nursing diagnoses: definitions and classification, Extensive nursing research, expert review, and clinical judgment merged to form interventions grouped in 30 classes and seven domains.
NOC – Nursing Outcomes Classifications are designed to provide the language for the evaluation step of the nursing process.
The NOC project complements the work of NANDA-I and the NIC. NANDA‐I, NIC, and NOC are recognized as official nursing languages by ANA () and are included in the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature and the National Library of .
Standardized nursing terminologies such as NANDA-I, NIC, and NOC provide the means of collecting nursing data that are systematically analyzed within and across healthcare organizations.
Furthermore, these data are essential to provide the foundation for any cost/benefit analysis for nursing practice. NANDA – I, NIC AND NOC (NNN) LINKAGES. NNN linkages shows the association between the three standardized languages recognized by the American Nurses Association: NANDA – I, NIC and NOC (Hye, ).